Many problems can arise in people who have an uncircumcised penis. However, most of these problems can be avoided by practicing personal hygiene and safe sex.
The foreskin is a thin layer of skin that covers the head of the penis. Circumcision is a surgical procedure to remove the foreskin. Some people undergo the procedure for religious or cultural reasons, but it can also be a way to reduce health risks.
People who are not circumcised and are not treated in the foreskin may face some health-related complications. Keep reading to learn more about it.
Phimosis is the place where the foreskin is very narrow around the penis, which prevents it from retracting towards the head of the penis.
The condition usually affects children and will improve as the foreskin fades with age. In adults, it may be the result of a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Do not cause any symptoms or require medical attention.
However, in some cases, it can cause:
- Pain and tenderness around the tip of the penis.
- Penis swelling
- Scars around the tip of the penis.
- Difficulty controlling urination
If the poisoning causes symptoms, the doctor will recommend cleaning the area with warm water daily. It is better to avoid the use of soap or shampoo.
If there is inflammation, the doctor may also prescribe creams or ointments with corticosteroids.
Paraphimosis occurs when the foreskin gets stuck under the head and the penis cannot retract. The skin may tense around the penis, causing swelling and discomfort.
Paraphimosis can also cause fluid to accumulate throughout the area, exacerbating swelling. Without treatment, the parafimosa can prevent blood from reaching the tip of the penis.
It is essential to seek emergency medical attention paraphimosis to avoid complications.
Doctors can use a local anesthetic to relieve pain in the area. Usually, it can help restore the foreskin manually. However, in severe cases, they may have to make small cuts to relieve the skin.
Bacterial or fungal infection
Without regular cleaning of the penis, bacteria can accumulate the foreskin and cause infection. Infections can also occur if there is a small cut or inflammation of the foreskin, since the fracture of the skin can allow the entry of microbes.
Balanitis is an inflammation of the head of the penis, which is a common result of a foreskin infection. About 3-11% of men suffer from balanoposthitis at some time in their lives.
Symptoms of balanoposthitis may include:
- Itchy and itchy penis.
- Penis swelling
- Painful urination
- Empty under the foreskin that is thicker than usual with an unpleasant smell
Antibiotic medications are the best way to treat bacterial infections in the penis, while antifungal medications will be necessary in case of a fungal infection. Usually, both types of treatment are in the form of creams or ointments that a person applies directly to the penis.
Since lack of hygiene is the main cause of balanoposthitis, it is important to clean the area regularly.
Since the foreskin is attached to the head of the penis, it can be injured. For example, the foreskin can catch the zipper of jeans and pants.
These lesions can damage the skin and possibly the urethral meatus, which is the tube inside the tip of the penis. Injury to the urethral meat can cause problems with urination. This type of injury can be very painful.
In the case of a zipper injury, it is best to visit a doctor immediately for treatment. Over-the-counter pain relievers will help with the pain. The doctor can also give the person a local anesthetic.
Although yeast infection is more common in women, it can affect men under or around the foreskin. Several types of fungi, including Candida albicans, cause yeast infection.
Yeast infections can sometimes occur without any symptoms, but in many cases it causes itching, pain and swelling around the penis. Eruptions and papules may also develop in the area.
There are several medications available to treat fungal infections, such as clotrimazole and canazole nitrate. Your doctor will prescribe this cream or ointment to be applied directly to the penis.
According to the results of a 2017 study, circumcised people are less likely to have STDs than uncircumcised people. Research indicates that circumcision may reduce the risk of:
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Genital herpes
- Mild pain
To reduce the risk of these diseases, it is important to have safe sex using a condom. Having fewer sexual partners can also reduce your risk of infection.