Breast (Breast) – The most important, tender organ of a woman. It often undergoes various changes and diseases. Frequency of visits to gynecologists and other physicians for breast diseases is quite high, however, but it is not uncommon to develop long-term and overlooked diseases, including those that are dangerous, such as breast cancer.
In order not to get rid of and treat timely the diseases of the breast, we need to have an elementary understanding of its structure and rules of care.
The mammary gland consists of:
- From glands, ie, milk-producing glands;
- Ducts, or tubes, that attach the particles to the mammary gland;
- Fatty tissue, containing glands and ducts;
- Lymph ducts and blood vessels;
The mammary gland that excretes milk produced;
How Common Are Breast Diseases And Among Malignant Tumors – Breast Cancer?
Let’s look at WHO statistics:
- Mastitis, or concomitant, or infectious, inflammation of the breast – occurs in 3% of cases;
- Mastopathy, or benign, reversible degeneration of the breast tissue caused by hormonal disorders – 45%;
- Cyst – Breast Cancer Supplement – 15%;
- Fibroenoma – a benign breast cancer – 25%;
- Cancer – malignant tumor – 25%;
- Various rare diseases – 15%.
What is Breast Cancer?
The human body is a complex but orderly system in which any process is subject to total control. Cancer is a malignant tumor that arises from uncontrolled proliferating cells. These cells have no useful function, and as they grow, they damage not only the body in which they appear, but the whole organism.
Breast cancer is one of the most common diseases in women. There are more than 65,000 new cases of breast cancer worldwide every year, with the death rate in the first five years of the disease being quite high. Despite this grim picture,
It can be said with certainty that the right treatment for the cancers found in time is so effective that patients have been feeling completely healthy for decades.
Breast cancer mortality has been found to decrease by one if women over the age of 40 are examined every year by a doctor and undergo the necessary O examinations.
The causes of cancer are unknown, but it is known that a number of disadvantages contribute to the development of the disease. They are called cancer risk factors.
What are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?
The general disadvantages contributing to malignant tumors are:
- Living in a radiation zone,
- An unhealthy lifestyle: incorrect nutrition (fat-rich and cellulose-poor products), excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol, weightless living, and so on.
- In addition, there are specific risk factors for breast cancer:
- Inherited mood, that is, cases of breast cancer in close relatives (mother, sister, child);
- Pregnancy and childbirth after age 30 or infertility;
- Degeneration of breast tissue caused by hormonal abnormalities (dyshormonal hyperplasia).
- Early menstruation (up to 12 years) and late (50 years);
- Sexual disorders: lack of orgasm, fertility;
- Menstrual disorders: Irregular, painful, excessive, prolonged menstruation;
- Diseases of the inflammatory and tissue degeneration of the uterus and ovaries;
- High-dose or frequent, even if permissible, radiation exposure at adolescence (up to 16 years), for example frequent radiological examination;
- Excess overweight, especially overweight over 16 years old.
- Women at risk for developing breast cancer are those with a score above 3 and above.
- Breast cancer has a slight increase in birth control drugs, especially in those over 40 years.
The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age:
- 25 years old – 1 out of 19,000 cases
- By the age of 30 – 1 out of 2,500
- 35 years old – 1 out of 622
- 40 years old – 1 out of 217
- 45 years old – 1 out of 93
- 50 years old – 1 out of 50,
- 55 years old – 1 out of 33,
- 60 years old – 1 out of 24,
- 65 years old – 1 out of 17,
- At age 70 – 1 out of 14,
- At age 75 – 1 out of 11,
- At age 80 – 1 out of 10.
Given this, breast cancer is less likely to develop in those who:
Menstruation started on time or late (ages 12-14) and ceased at age 40-45 (as a result of operative intervention);
Breastfeeding baby for more than 6 months;
Regularly visits a doctor (gynaecologist or mammologist) and performs the necessary examinations prescribed by him: Breast echocardiography and mammography, ie, a radiological examination of the breast;
Regularly examine your own breast (see below for self-exam techniques);
Have a physically active lifestyle and maintain a normal body weight;
Eating Healthy: You often eat cooked meat and fish, fruits, vegetables, less fatty foods and a limited amount of roasted, preserved, smoked products, coffee, tea, chocolate …
Breast Cancer Prevention
The aforementioned facilitator avoids risk factors as far as possible;
Breast self-examination regularly: once a month. Self-test may be 2.5 cm. The discovery of a tumour of size. It is estimated that 50-70% of patients with the correct treatment of this cancer find themselves healthy and maintain their ability for at least ten years;
Consult a gynaecologist at least once a year. It is advisable to have one gynaecologist whom you trust, have thoroughly studied your body and will keep track of all changes in time and you will be assigned appropriate examinations.